GHANA LAW FINDER

                         

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APPLICATION TO BE EXAMINED FOR A CERTIFICATE OF COMPETENCY AS A FIRST CLASS OR A SECOND CLASS ENGINEER

 

 

Note:—Application should be made at an Examination Office as many days as possible before the applicant desires to sit. It should be handed in at least ten days before the examination. If it is not convenient for the applicant to attend, the Form together with the necessary enclosures and the appropriate fee should be sent by post. In this event the applicant will complete the Declaration (G) in the presence of the Examiner, prior to the examination.

(A) PARTICULARS OF APPLICANT

 

Surname (BLOCK LETTERS)        Other  names in full (BLOCK LETTERS)   Present Address and Post Office Box Number  

                                 

Discharge Book Number

             

Date of Birth (BIRTH CERTIFICATE TO BE PRODUCED)        WHERE BORN         Nationality     

Day     Month  Year    Town and District     

                                                

(B) PREVIOUS CERTIFICATES (ISSUED IN GHANA OR ELSEWHERE: IF NONE, STATE SO)

  

Number          Steam, Motor, Combined Steam and Motor Endorsement         Class  PLACE AND DATE OF            IF AT ANY TIME SUSPENDED OR CANCELLED, STATE      

Examination   Issue   Court of Authority      Date    Cause

                                              

(C) EXAMINATION NOW REQUIRED

 

PART A AND PART B         Class* PORT AT WHICH APPLICANT DESIRES TO BE EXAMINED, AND DATE Mercantile Marine Office to which Certificate is to be sent (Not for Part A only)          

Part A only or Part B only     Port     Date   

                                                            

*In case a Certificate for Fishing Vessel is required the word “Fishing” shall be added in brackets after the class of Certificate.

(D) ALL PREVIOUS RESULTS FOR THE GRADE OF CERTIFICATE NOW REQUIRED.

 

Where any exemption is claimed state  )   ______________________________________

nature of the exempting qualification    )

           

 

 

Day    

 

Month 

 

Year   

 

Port     SUBJECTS IN WHICH EXAMINED AND RESULTS      Time Penalty (if any)

PART A          PART B         

Engineering Science            Mathematics  Engineering Drawing Science        Refrigeration  Electrotechnology            Engineering Knowledge and Orals.           

                                                                                                             

(E) STATEMENT OF SERVICE

(I) Marine Engineering

 

No. of Testimonials   Name and Address of Firm and Works     Nature of the business for which the works exist    Nature of the work done by Applicant         DATES           PERIODS     

From   To        Yrs.      M         D.       

                                                                                                                                                                                      

                                                Not qualifying Service                                  

(2) Other Engineering Works          

                                                                                                                                                                        

                                                Not qualifying Service                                  

(3) Technical Education

 

Name of School        Courses attended     Periods of Attendance         Certificates obtained           

                                                                                        

Sate whether any remission of service is claimed for the above.

(4) Sea Service

Particulars of sea service should be taken from the Discharge Book

 

PARTICULARS OF PREVIOUS CERTIFICATE  (IF ANY)          NATURE OF SERVICE*      DATES            PERIOD        

CLASS:                      DATE:                                                                                   

 

 No. of Testimonials. 

  

Name of  Ship and whether Steam (S.S.) or Motor (M.V.)          

 

Official Number        

 

 

N.H.P. (Steam) or B.H.P. (Motor) Vessels

TRADE

 

 

Foreign or Home or Fishing           

 

 

 

 

Rank   State whether performed:

I. On fitters’ work, either by day or on watches on Deck or in Engine and Boiler Rooms

II. On regular watch on auxiliaries or refrigerator.

III. On   regular watch on main engine

IV. On regular  watch on main boilers.

V. On regular watch on both main engines and boilers simultaneously.

 

 

From  

 

 

To       

 

Years 

 

Months           

 

Days  

                                                                                                                                        

  *The use of the appropriate roman numerals will be sufficient  for III, IV, and V.                  

 Net qualifying service.                                 

                                                                                                           

 

(F) CERTIFICATE OF EXAMINER

 

THE  *DECLARATION (G) was signed in my presence, and the fee of …………….......................… was received by me at ………………………………………………..............................................................................................…………………….

…………………................................…..……………

Examiner

………………………19.……….     

* Delete in the case of a Postal Application.

(G) DECLARATION BY CANDIDATE

 

To be signed in the presence of the Examiner.

Take Notice:—Any person who makes, or procures to be made, or assists in making, any false representation for the purpose of obtaining for himself or any other person a Certificate of Competency, is guilty of a misdemeanour, and renders himself liable to heavy penalties.

I HEREBY DECLARE that the particulars contained in sections (A), (B), (C), (D) and (E) of this Form are correct and true to the best of my knowledge and belief; and that the Papers enumerated in section (E) and sent with this Form are true and genuine documents, given and signed by the persons whose names appear on them. I further declare that (E) contains a true and correct account of the whole of my service without exception. And I make this Declaration conscientiously believing the same to be true.

Date this………………….day of………………………19….

………………………….

                                                                                                    Signature of Candidate

……………………………………………………………………………………………

Present Address

Signature of Witness, if an Examiner………………………………….   

(H) CERTIFICATE OF EXAMINER

 

PART A

            PART B         

Date of Examination

Place of Examination          

State if exempt, previously exempt, previously passed, passed or failed.         Exempt, previously passed, passed, failed or not assessed.     

 

Sect. I            

Sect. III           

 

            Sect. I

                                               

 

Sect. II                        

            Sect. II

 

Sect. III                        Time penalty (if any)  Particulars of Certificate to be issued       

                       

(J) PERSONAL DESCRIPTION OF CANDIDATE

           

Height

           

Colour of       

Complexion   Personal Marks or Peculiarities (if any)    

Feet    Inches Eyes   Hair                            

 

                                                                       

I HEREBY CERTIFY that the particulars in (H) and (J) are correct and that Workshop and Sea Service have been verified by reference to Discharges and Testimonials (a) on this occasion (b) at a previous attempt less than 3 months ago.*

Date…………………………………………..                ………………………………..

Examiner

*Strike out portion not applicable

To THE SHIPPING COMMISSIONER,

      MINISTRY OF TRANSPORT AND COMMUNICATIONS,

      POST OFFICE BOX M.38.

      ACCRA.

THIRD SCHEDULE

SYLLABUS FOR THE SECOND CLASS ENGINEERS EXAMINATION (FISHING)

PART “A”

PAPER 1—MATHEMATICS

(a) Arithmetic

Calculations with integral numbers, Decimal fraction, Ordinary fraction, proper fraction, mixed numbers, improper fraction Positive and negative numbers, Powers and roots, extraction of roots of 2 order, Simple equations of 1 order.

(b) Plane geometry

Point, line, area. Are designations, circle, Bisection of lines and angles, Construction of perpendicular and parallel lines, angles of given magnitude, Pythagorean theorem. The circle, Properties of cords and tangents. Calculation of area of surface and perimeter of the square, rectangle, parallelogram, triangles, trapezoid, circlessector and circlesegment.

(c) Mensuration

Volumes and surfaces of prism, pyramids, spheres, cylinders and cones, Theorem applied to areas and volumes.

(d) Trigonometry

Sine, Cosine and Tangents of angles between 0 and 90. Solution of right angle triangles. Proof of sine and cosine rules. Solution of Simple trigonometric equations.

(e) Practical calculations

The metric system of weights and measures and its relation to the British system. The conversion factor of inch to mm. Decimals, percentages, interests, multiplication and division. Use of mathematical tables and logarithmic tables.

PAPER 2—ENGINEERING SCIENCE

(a) Physics and Mechanics

Properties of solids. Atoms and molecules. Specific gravity. Triangles and parallelogram of forces, simple graphical applications. Theory of levers. Laws of motion velocity, linear and angular acceleration, diagrams. Work, friction, energy, and power. Power transmission: Calculations for toothed gear, belt drivers, and chain drivers.

(b) Liquids

Properties of liquids. Behaviour of liquid under pressure. The hydraulic press. Relationship between liquid pressure and depth. Specific gravity by hydrometer and u-tube. Total force due to liquid pressure on immersed plane surfaces, horizontal or vertical, Equilibrium in floating bodies. Archimedes principles.

(c) Gases

Properties of gases. Volume and pressure of gases. Transmission of pressure, barometric pressure, gauge pressure, absolute pressure and vacuum. Barometers, vacuum gauges and manometers. Lb. pr. sq. inch. kg. pr. cm2.  The principle of liquid and air pumps.

(d) Heat

Properties and effects of heat. Temperature and thermometric scale. Conversion from Centigrade to Fahrenheit and vice versa. Linear and volumetric expansion due to temperature changes. Coefficients and the relationship between them. Heat units: B, Th, U and gramcalorie. Specific heat. Mechanical equivalent of heat. Heat equivalent of horse-power. Heat transfer by conduction, convection and radiation. Melting. Evaporation of water. Freezing point, dew point and boiling point of water. Wet, dry-saturated and superheated steam.

(e) Combustion

Solid and liquid fuels. Higher and lower calorific values. Simple explanation of the chemical composition of fuels. Chemical equations for complete combustion. Theoretical minimum air required. Excess air. The most important properties of liquid fuels and their characteristics. (Spec. gravity, viscosity, flash point and calorific value.)

(f) Internal combustion engines

Principle of the internal combustion engine. Classification of types according to:—

(a) Working manner. 2-stroke, 4-stroke.

(b) Fuel used: petrol engines, diesel engines.

(c) Combustion principle: explosion, constant pressure.

(d) Piston pressure: single working, double working.

(e) End pressure: low pressure, middle pressure, high pressure.

The principle of the 2- and 4-stroke engine. Timing events, combustion, scavenging, pistons speed factor.

Combustion: chemical action, ignition, flash and combustion temperatures, time, over and underload, ratio of fuel to air, need for fuel dispersion.

Compression: air intake, oxygen, advantages, supercharging, combustion chamber height, measuring, effect of high compression on construction.

Scavenging: ports, valves and blowers. Advantages and disadvantages of 2- and 4- stroke. Calculation of horsepower, BHP, IHP, EHP, calculation of fuel consumption.

PAPER 3—ENGINEERING DRAWING

Care and use of drawing instruments. Introduction to projection. The three co-ordinate planes of projection, first and third angle projection. The production of the plans, elevations and sections of simple details from isometric sketches. Free hand sketching of simple machine parts. The measuring of simple engine parts and dimensioning of engineering drawings. Introduction to symbols and limits, their indication on engineering drawings.

Sectional views.

Representation of screw threads, screws, bolts and nuts.

Reading and understanding of technical drawings. Technical lettering.

PART “B”

PAPER I—ELECTROTECHNOLOGY

Simple electron theory. An electric current considered as the flow of electrons. Electric quality. The coulomb and the ampere. Conductors and insulators, electric circuit. Potential difference (in volts) as the cause of current flow. Ohm's law; simple calculations. Units, Use of ammeter and voltmeter. Series and parallel circuits. Practical applications in heating and lighting.

The primary and secondary cells as sources of electrical energy. Internal resistance. Cells in series and in parallel. Resistivity and conductivity. Resistance of conductors and voltage drop in cables.

Electrical safety precautions. Earthing arrangements. Risk of fire and shock. Artificial respiration. Overload and short circuits, effects and protection by fuses.

Elementary magnetism; generation of an electro-magnetic force, generators, motors and starters.

Construction and operation of d.c. generators and motors. Concept of single phase and three phase a.c. systems. Simple a.c. generators and motors, alternating nature of current. frequency, effective voltage.

Starting, operation, and running of three-phase short circuit and slipring motors. Simple calculations.

PAPER 2—REFRIGERATION

Revision of thermometers and their use, centigrade and fahrenheit scales and conversion. Types of thermometers thermo couple.

Names of common refrigerants in use, their advantages and disadvantages.

Introduction to the refrigeration system, compressor, condensor, evaporator, oil separator, liquid receivers, refrigerant controls. The low and high pressure sides. Direct and indirect cooling. Precautions when handling refrigerants. Brines, composition and density relative to temperature. Additives.

Insulating materials, piping and fans. Lead detection, defrosting. Adjustment, checking, and testing of refrigeration plant in operation.

PAPER 3—ENGINEERING KNOWLEDGE

(a) GENERAL

Fire fighting

Combustible and flammable products. Lash point, spontaneous combustion, explosive, mixtures of fuel. Factors necessary for combustion: fuel, oxygen and heat. Sources of ignition. Storage of combustible products onboard ships. Precautions against fire and explosions, Hazards in handling petroleum products. Principles of extinguishing fires, starving, smothering, cooling. Methods of extinguishing fires, foam extinguishers mechanically and chemically produced foam. Carbon dioxide (C02) fire extinguishers. Dry chemical (powder) extinguishers. Carbon tetrachloride (vapourizing liquid) extinguishers. Permanent fixed C02 extinguishing system. Fire—and explosion hazards in the engine room. Fire fighting onboard ships. Fires in electric equipment, precautions.

Engineering materials

The composition, physical properties and engineering uses of pig iron, cast iron, wrought iron, malleable iron, mild steel and medium carbon steel.

Composition and suitability as cutting tool materials of carbon and high speed steels cemented carbide.

Simple consideration of the heat treatment of plain carbon steels. Effect of carbon. Hardening, tempering, normalizing, annealing, and case-hardening. Nitriding. Overheating. Process of hardening and tempering for carbon steel tools. Colour method of judging temperatures and its limitations. Corrosion. Avoidance of corrosion. Comparison. Comparison of methods of metal plating and protective coatings and their application.

The properties and uses of metal alloys. Copper, zinc, tin, lead nickel, aluminium, magnesium, bronze, copper gunmetal, brass, bearing metals, such as Babbit white metals, and copperlead alloys.

Machine components

Use of screw thread identification gauges and standard charts. Recognition and uses of unified nuts, bolts and studs. Selection and use of appropriate locking devices, washers and split pins. Plain bearings, ball and rollerbearings. Friction, lubrication and maintenance. Simple gear trains. Complings. Handling and storage of spare parts. Jointing and packing materials.

Description of important auxiliary machinery and appliances including propulsive engines for electric generators, pumps, fans separators, evaporators, auxiliary boilers, clutches, couplings, alignment, winches. Ship construction and bilge system. Brief description of the construction of trawlers and cargoliners. Propellers and propeller shaft, sterntube, steering gears, tanks bilgesystem, trimming of vessels, watertight compartments, superstructure.

(b) MOTOR

Engine construction: general description of engine frames, crankshafts, cylinders, pistons, connecting rods, main bearings, cross end and big end bearings, thrust bearings, leads and adjustments.

Flywheel action, rim markings, balancing. Engine function: Valve-mechanism, cam shaft, cam shapes, fixed and regulating cams, valve types, seatings. rocker arm adjustment roller clearance.

Intake system: air cleaners, piping, intake valves, intake silencers, scavening, super- charging, air ratio, effect on the consumption and carbonization.

Exhaust system: 2- and 4-stroke exhaust system, exhaust manifold, piping, backpressure, exhaust temperatures, silencers, insulation, calculation of horsepower, BHP, IHP, EHP. Calculation of fuel consumption.

Fuel system: air injection valves, Bosch hydraulic injection nozzle, mechanical  injection nozzle, atomization, pre-combustion chamber. Fuel injection pumps, unit injector overflow regulation, cam regulation. Fuel tanks, gravity tanks, filters, strainers, pressures, piping.

Starting and reversing: requirements for starting, hand and air starting, electrical starting, cam operated valves, air operated valves, cartridge starting, reversing settings, priming, safety valves, compressors, 2- and 3-stage piston speed/piston area ratio, heat formation, valves, piping, safety devices

Lubrication: necessity of lubrication, oil dilution, pressure and temperature, hand lubrication, drip lubrication, pressure lubrication. Common systems for lubricating engine running parts. types of filters, oil coolers, direction of oil circulation, piping. Failure of oil pumps. Maintenance and control of lubricating system.

Cooling: necessity of cooling, heat transfer, exhaust water temperature, cooling control, air cooling, sea water cooling, pumps, piping strainers, direction of flow, salting desalinization, electrolytic action, galvanic elements. Common defects of cooling system.

Engine timing: diagrams, effect and incorrect timing of valves and pumps, importance of clearance. Checking.

Governor: centrifugal principle, camshaft connections, fuel control, overspeed trip mechanism. Common defects and breakdowns. Auxiliary machinery and appliances.

Engine maintenance

Alignment of engine, crankshaft, gears and bearings. Inspection of engine parts for tolerance, wear, cracks, corrosion, damage and vibration.

Repair, reconditioning and replacement of worn and damaged parts. Measuring and adjustment of combustion. Chamber height. Extraction and insertion of cylinder liners and piston. Clearance of water jackets. Remetalling of worn bearings. Turning, fitting and scraping of bearings,

Clearing of blocked oil channel. Fitting and adjustment of gas and oil piston rings. Cleaning and control of gate-valves, non-return valves and needle valves.

Grinding-in of valves, fuel pumps and injectors. Calibration and phasing of fuel pumps and injectors. Clearing of airlocks in fuel, oil and water lines. Clearing and maintenance of coolers, heaters, filters and strainers.

Checking of valve and pump mechanism for clearance. Testing and adjustment of governors and overspeed trip mechanism. Checking of valve timing by flywheel marks. Inspection of turboblowers. Periodic and preventive maintenance. Pressure testing of coolers, valves and water jackets. Overhaul and operation of compressors and air tanks. Preparation for starting, warming up, running and stopping of engines.

Operation temperatures and pressures of oil and cooling water. Engine turning and power operation, watch keeping routine and daily maintenance. Keeping of engine log and records. Clearing of bilges, Operation of the lub oil separator. Trouble shooting.

ORAL

The oral examination will be largely based upon the Engineering knowledge subjects of the examination and will include questions on the management of engines and boilers, electrical machinery  prevention of fire and methods of fighting fires at sea, the duties of the supervising engineer, the work to be done to engines, boilers and auxiliary machinery in port and the periodical examination of the working parts.

Candidates should also be well acquainted with machinery and boiler casualties which may occur at sea and be able to state how these may be prevented and remedied. A knowledge of the appropriate statutes is also required.

FOURTH SCHEDULE

SYLLABUS FOR THE FIRST CLASS ENGINEERS EXAMINATION (FISHING)

This examination also covers the syllabus for the Second Class examination but candidates for First Class Certificates will be expected to display a fuller knowledge of the different items in the syllabus than candidates for a Second Class Certificate.

PART  “A”

PAPER 1—MATHEMATICS

Arithmetic

Conversion of physical quantities involving length, area, volume or force from one system of units to another. Ratio and proportion. Percentages.

Algebra

Indices, including fractional and negative types. Use of common logarithms for multiplication, division, powers and roots. Simplification of algebraic expressions. Addition, subtraction, multiplication and division of algebraic functions. Rearrangement of formulae. Factorisation. Algebraic fractions. Simple equations.

Graphical work

Simple graphs of statistics. The graph y = ax + b either from calculated values or from experimental results. Calculation of constants from graphs. Graphical solution of simple simultaneous equations involving two unknowns.

Trigonometry

Measurement of angles in degrees and radians. Complementary and supplementary angles. Sine, cosine and tangent of angles up to 360. Solution of right-angled triangles. Proof of sine and cosine rules. Solution of triangles by those rules. Solution of simple trigonometric equations.

Geometry

Properties of triangles, Sum of the angles. Relation between exterior and interior angles. Isosceles and equilateral triangles. Similar and congruent triangles. The circle. Properties of  chords and tangents. Angles in the same segment. Angles at centre and circumference.

Mensuration

Areas of triangle, polygon, parallelogram, trapezium, circle, sector and segment of a circle and ellipse. Areas of oblique sections of regular solids of uniform cross-section. Area and mean height by mid-ordinate rule and by Simpson's rules. Ratio of areas of similar figures. Volumes and surface areas of prisms, pyramids. frustums, spheres, cylinders and cones. Ratio of mases, weights and volumes of similar solids. Solids of revolution.

PAPER 2—ENGINEERING SCIENCE

(a) Physics and Mechanics

Revision of properties of solids, specific gravity. Triangle and polygon of forces. Laws of motion: velocity and uniform acceleration. Work, friction energy and power.

Energy. Conservation of energy. Potential energy. Kinetic energy of translation. Velocity ratio, mechanical advantage and efficiency of the following machines. Wheel and axle. Differential wheel and axle. Rope pulley block. Differential pulley block. Screw jack. Worm drives. Reduction gears. Direct stress and strain. Shear stress. Hook's law. Modulus and elasticity.

(b) Liquids and hydraulics

Revision of properties of liquids, physical properties of liquids. Pressure and force in hydraulic systems. Hydraulic jacks and brakes. Liquid flow. Pressure gauges and volume meters. Pipes, fittings and seals. Simple valves. Compound and pressure reducing valves Directional valves. Introduction to pumps. Reciprocating, centrifugal, propeller and axia pumps. Hydraulic liquids.

(c) Gases and heat

Revision of temperature and thermometric scales. Heat units. B.Th.U. and gramcalorie. Specific heat. Mechanical equivalent of heat. Heat equivalent of horse-power. Properties of gases and steam.

Description of the principles of the modern steam power plant; types of boilers, super-heaters and condensers. Reciprocating engines and steam turbine machinery including auxiliaries. Evaporators and fresh water generators.

(d) Combustion

Revision of solid and liquid fuels. Complete combustion. Theoretical air. Excess air Properties of liquid fuels and their characteristics. Viscosity, spec. gravity, flash point and colorific value. Impurities. C02 content of exhaust gases. Storage and treatment of fuel on board.

(e) Internal combustion engines

Revision of the principle of the internal combustion engine. Working manner; 2-stroke and 4-stroke. Piston and end pressure. The principle of the 2-stroke and 4-stroke engine. Timing events, combustion, scavening, piston speed factor.

PART “B”

PAPER 1—ELECTROTECHNOLOGY

Revision of the theory of electric current, potential difference, resistance, Ohms law, series and parallel circuits, resistivity and conductivity. Units.

Magnetism, generation of an electromagnetic force, generators, motors and starters.

Direct current, series shunt and compound motors. Types of conductors, insulators, cables. Wiring diagrams, protective devices, fuses and earthing.

Concept of single phase and three phase a.c. systems. The sinusoidal wave, frequency, maximum r.m.s. and average values. Vector representation of a.c. quantities. Phase difference. Transformers. Converters.

Principles and function of switchboard indicating instrument. Use of ammeter and voltmeter. Ohmmeter and insulation testing. Accumulators. Resistance pyrometers Bimetallic indicators. Rudder control. Engine order system. Trouble shooting. Maintenance. Electrical safety precautions on board.

PAPER 2—REFRIGERATION

Short revision of thermometers and their use, thermometer scales and conversion. Refrigerants in use, their advantages and disadvantages.

Temperature pressure relationship. Introduction to temperature pressure charts, The refrigeration system. Cycle of operation.

(a) Compressors

Simple treatment of the operation of reciprocating compressors. Parts of the compressor and materials used. Lubrication of compressors. Treatment of volumetric efficiency and how it varies with suction and discharge pressures. Compressor capacities.

Lubricating oils. specific gravity, flash and fire points, viscosity, cold pour point, flash point, Refrigerant-oil relationship. Drying oil.

(b) Condensers and liquid receivers

Principle of operation of condensers. Desuper-heating, Latent heat and sub-cooled zones. Air cooled condensers and air flow. Water cooled condensers. Liquid receivers. Sight glass and try cocks.

(c) Evaporators

Plained and finned batteries. Forced draft. Vertical and horizontal air flow. Fans. Capa- city of evaporators. Installation of evaporators and fans.

(d) Refrigerant flow controls

The automatic expansion valve. The thermostatic expansion valve with internal equalizer.

The capillary-restrict or valve. The low. and high pressure controls. The differential. Temperature controls used with refrigerant controls.

(e) Accessories

Driers, sight glass, filters and the non-return valve. Heat exchanger. Vapour separator Oil separator.

(f) The electric system

The electric motor. The solenoid. The thermostatic switch. Starters. Pressure controls, Overload protector.

(g) Defrosting

Electric, water and hot gas defrosting. Time switch. Reverse cycle.

(h) Insulation and load calculation

Insulation. Moisture. Insulating materials. Heat conductivity. Storage temperatures.

PAPER 3—ENGINEERING KNOWLEDGE (GENERAL)

(A) GENERAL

(a) Fire fighting

Combustible and flammable products. Flash point, spontaneous combustion, explosive mixtures of fuels. Factors necessary for combustion: fuel, oxygen and heat. Sources of ignition. Storage of combustible products onboard ships. Precautions against fire and explosions. Hazards in handling petroleum products. Principles of extinguishing fires. starving, smothering, cooling. Methods of extinguishing fires, foam extinguishers mechanically and chemically produced foam.

Carbon dioxide (CO2) fire extinguishers. Dry chemical (powder) extinguishers. Carbon tetrachloride (vapourizing liquid) extinguishers. Permanent fixed CO2 extinguishing system.

Fire and explosion hazards in the engine room. Firefighting onboard ships. Fires in electric equipment, precautions.

(b) Engineering materials

The composition, physical properties and engineering uses of pig iron, cast iron, wrought iron, malleable iron, mild steel and medium carbon steel.

Composition and suitability as cutting tool materials of carbon—and high speed steels, cemented carbide. Simple consideration of the heat treatment of plain carbon steels. Effect of carbon. Hardening, tempering, normalizing, annealing and case-hardening. Nitriding. Overheating. Process of hardening and tempering for carbon steel tools. Colour method of judging temperatures and its limitations. Corrosion. Avoidance of corrosion. Comparison of methods of metal plating and protective coatings and their application.

The properties and uses of metal and metal alloy. Copper, zinc, tin, lead, nickel, aluminium, magnesium, bronze, copper gunmental, brass, bearing metals, such as Babbit white metals and copperlead alloys.

(c) Machine components

Use of screw thread identification gauges and standard charts. Recognition and uses of unified nuts, bolts and studs. Selection and use of appropriate locking devices, washers and split pins. Plain bearings, ball and roller bearings. Friction, lubrication and maintenance. Simple gear trains. Couplings. Handling and storage of spare parts. Jointing and packing materials.

Description of important auxiliary machinery and appliances including propulsive engines for electric generators, pumps, fans, separators, evaporators, auxiliary boilers, clutches, couplings, alignment, winches. Ship construction and bilge system. Brief description of the construction of trawlers and cargoliners. Propellers and propeller shaft, sterntube, steering gears, tanks bilge system, trimming of vessels, watertight compartments, superstructure.

(d) Steam boilers and stream production

The principle of the automatic steamboiler. The regulation of feed water, steam pressure and steam production. Fuel control. Safety valves, water gauges and pressure gauges. Boiler efficiency and losses. Salinometers. Testing of feed water.

(e) Automation

Principles of remote control of temperature, pressure, R.P.M. and level.

The basic principles of automation and remote control. Flow diagrams. Mode of operation of the pressure gauge level indicator, d-p-cell, regulators relay, alarms and valves. Pneumatic and hydraulic control valves. Principles of remote regulations systems on board.

(f) Electrical engineering

Soldering of joints and simple cable joining. Maintenance of accumulators. Practical use of ohmmeter, ammeter and the megger. Start and stop of d.c. and a.c.-motors. Periodic control of motors and starters. Checking of ball-bearings.

Operation of generator switchboards. Description and function of switchboard instruments. Running of generators in parallel. Troubleshooting. Safety precautions and hazards to personnel. The principles of the gyro compass.

(g) Ship construction

Structural strains in ships. Longitudinal bending. Hogging and sagging conditions. Effect of water pressure. Docking strains. Local strains and local loading.

Structural details. Rolled sections. Framing. Beams and web frames. Keel construction. Structural arrangements of double bottoms with floor plates, longitudinal girders and inner bottom plating. Shell plating and deck plating. Rivetting and welding. Bulkheads, longitudinal and transverse. Pillars, girders, hatchways and watertight doors. Manholes. Engine seatings. The after part of the ship with the stem post, tail shaft, propeller and rudder. The fore end of the ship with the stem bar, collision bulkhead, capstan hawse pipes and chain locker. Merchant ship and trawler types. Classification societies, tonnage and freeboard. Periodical surveys.

Moments, centre of gravity and centres of buoyancy. Metacentric stability, Trim. Resistance and propulsion of ships. Fixed propellers. Adjustable pitch propellers. Preservation of hull and tanks. Casualty and damage controls. Pumping arrangements.

PAPER 4—ENGENEERING KNOWLEDGE (MOTOR)

Engine construction: general description of engine frames, crankshafts, cylinders, pistons, connecting rods, main bearing, cross end and big end bearings, thrust bearings, loads and adjustments.

Flyweel action, rim marking, balancing. Engine function: valve-mechanism, cam shaft, cam shapes, fixed and regulating cams, valve types, seatings, rocker arm adjustment roller clearance.

Intake system: air cleaners, piping, intake valves, intake silencers, scavening. super- charging, air ratio, effect on fuel consumption and carbonization.

Exhaust system: 2- and 4- stroke exhaust system, exhaust manifold, piping, backpressure, exhaust temperatures, silencers, insulation. Calculation of horsepower, BHP, IHP, EHP, Calculation of fuel consumption.

Fuel system: air injection valves, Bosch hydraulic injection nozzle, mechanical injection nozzle, atomization, pre-combustion chamber. Fuel injection pumps, unit injector overflower regulation. cam regulation. Fuel tanks, gravity tanks. filters, strainers, pressures, piping.

Starting and reversing: requirements for starting, hand and air starting, electrical starting, cam operated valves, air operated valves, cartridge starting, reversing settings, priming. safely valves, compressors. 2- and 3- stage piston speed/piston area ratio, heat formation, valves, piping, safety devices.

Lubrication: necessity of lubrication, oil dilution pressure and temperature, hand lubrication, drip lubrication, pressure lubrication. Common systems for lubricating engine running parts, types of filters, oil coolers, direction of oil circulation, piping. Failure of oil pumps. Maintenance and control of lubricating system.

Cooling: necessity of cooling, heat transfer, exhaust water temperature, cooling control, air cooling, sea water cooling, pumps, piping strainers, direction of flow, salting desalinization, electrolytic action, galvanic elements. Common defects of cooling system.

Engine timing: diagrams, effect and incorrect timing of valves and pumps, importance of clearance. Checking.

Governor: centrifugal principle, camshaft connections, fuel control, overspeed trip mechanism, Common defects and breackdowns. Auxiliary machinery and appliances.

ENGINE MAINTENANCE

Alignment of engine, crankshaft, gears and bearings. Inspection of engine parts for tolerance, wear, cracks. corrosion, damage and vibration.

Repair, reconditioning and replacement of worn and damaged parts. Measuring and adjustment of combustion. Chamber height. Extraction and insertion of cylinder liners and piston. Clearance of water jackets.

Remetalling of worn bearings. Turning, fitting and scraping of bearings. Clearing of blocked oil channels. Fitting and adjustment of gas and oil piston rings.

Cleaning and control of gate-valves, non-return valves and neddle valves.

Grinding-in of valves, fuel pumps and injectors. Calibration and phasing of fuel pumps and injectors. Clearing of airlocks in fuel, oil and water lines. Cleaning and maintenance of coolers, heaters, filter and strainers.

Checking of valve and pump mechanism for clearance. Testing and adjustment of governors and overspeed trip mechanism.

Checking of valve timing by flywheel marks. Inspection of turboblowers. Periodic and preventive maintenance. Pressure testing of coolers, valves and water jackets. Overhaul and operation of compressors and air tanks. Preparation for starting, warning up, running and stopping of engines.

Operation temperatures and pressures of oil and cooling water. Engine turning and power operation, watch keeping routine and daily maintenance. Keeping of engine log and records. Clearing of bilges. Operation of the lub oil separator. Trouble shooting. Uses of the indicator.

ORAL

The oral examination will be largely based upon the Engineering knowledge subjects of the examination and will include questions on the management of engines and boilers. electrical machinery, prevention of fire and methods of fighting fires at sea, the duties of the supervising engineer, the work to be done to engines. boilers and auxiliary machinery in port and the periodical examination of the working parts.

Candidates should also be well acquainted with machinery and boiler. Casualties which may occur at sea and be able to state how these may be prevented and remedied.

A knowledge of the appropriate statutes is also required.

Candidates for First Class Certificates will be questioned in the administrative duties of a Chief Engineer: organisation of his staff for emergency duties and the use of safety equipment, organisation of repairs and surveys. Reports to owners.

FIFTH SCHEDULE

No……………………

EXAMINERS AUTHORITY FOR DELIVERY OF A CERTIFICATE OF COMPETENCY TO AN APPLICANT WHO HAS PASSED HIS EXAMINATION

EXN.G. 16

Name of Applicant……………………………………………………………….......................................…………

Grade for which passed……………………………………………………………….......................................…….

Height…………….Colour of Eyes…………………Colour of Hair……………........……............................…..

Complexion…………………Personal marks or peculiarities (if any)………….........………........................…

………………………………………………………………………………………......……........................................

        Signature of Applicant…………..................................…………….

________________________________________________________________________

Please deliver to the above-named person the Certificate of Competency to which he is entitled.

      …………………………………

  Signature of Examiner

   Port………………………Date…………………..

To: THE SHIPPING COMMISSIONER,

MINISTRY OF TRANSPORT AND COMMUNICATIONS,

P.O.BOX M.38,

ACCRA.

SIXTH SCHEDULE

EXAMINATION OF ENGINEERS (FISHING)

RESULTS OF EXAMINATION

EXN.G. 18

*Insert “Exempt”, “Passed”, “Assessed” or “Not Applicable”.

 

 

Date   

Port    

Class  Qualifying Sea Service at time of Examination     Part A only, Part B only, Part A and B        PART A            PART B         

Interval to elapse before re-examina- tion 

 

Exami- ner’s Initials  

Y          M         D         *Mathe- matics          *Engineering Science          *Drawing        *Electro- technology            *Refrigera- tion          *Engineering Know- ledge and Orals        

                                                                                                                                                                                    

N.B.—Any subjects not shown “exempted” or “Not applicable” must be attempted by the candidate. This form must be produced by the candidate with his papers at all subsequent examinations.

OFFICE STAMP.

Signature of Candidate……………………………….

Signature of Examiner……………………………….

Qualifying Sea Service standing to applicant’s credit for Part B of the examination (after any appropriation to compensate for a deficiency in qualifying workshop service).

SEVENTH SCHEDULE

EXN.G. 23

APPLICATION FOR COPY OF LOST CERTIFICATE OF COMPETENCY

N.B.—This Form when completed should be forwarded to the Shipping Commissioner who will issue the certificate.

PART “A”

 Name of Applicant    Address         Date of Birth  Place of Birth

 Number of former Certificate           Grade of former Certificate 

      PART “B”

PARTICULARS OF LAST SERVICE

 

Name of last Ship     Port of Registry and Official Number          Rating on Board        DESCRIPTION OF LAST VOYAGE        

From   To        Commenced  Ended

 

SOME OTHER SHIPS IN WHICH THE APPLICANT HAS SERVED BEFORE AND AFTER OBTAINING THE CERTIFICATE NOW LOST.

S. No.

Name of Ship            Port of Registry and Official Number          Rating on board        Date Service Commenced  Date Service Ended.           

 

PART “C”

DECLARATION TO BE MADE BY THE APPLICANT BEFORE AN EXAMINER

I …………………………………………….. of ……………………… do hereby declare—

(1) That my Certificate was a certificate of*………………………................................……………………....................….

      and that it was numbered……………………………………………………........…….................................................…….

(2) That the said Certificate was lost at†…………………………………………………........................................................

      ……………………………………………………………………………………….......…........................................................

      ………………………………………………………………………………………........…......................................................

(3) That the statements made herein and in Parts A and B are correct to the best of my knowledge and belief.

 .………………………….

  Applicant’s Signature

Declared and subscribed before me at………………………..….this…….…………..day

of…………………………19……….

 …...................…………………………………

Examiner of Masters and Mates/Engineers

__________

*Insert the word Competency or Service.

†Here state the place, date, occasion and cause of the loss of the Certificate.

PART “D”

DIRECTION BY THE SHIPPING COMMISSIONER

I am satisfied/ not satisfied with the applicant’s declaration in Part “C.” A duplicate copy of the Certificate may/may not be issued………………………………………………….....................

………………………....…….

Shipping Commissioner

PART “E”

NOTE OF ISSUE OF CERTIFICATE

A duplicate Certificate has been issued this…………..day of……………….19………..........…

……………………...……….

Shipping Commissioner

__________

Note:—This Form should be retained in the office of the Shipping Commissioner and the Examiner informed of the action taken.

EIGHTH SCHEDULE

FEES

TABLE OF FEES

The fees, which are subject to revision, are:

  Fees

Certificate of Competency                                                                    

Second Class Certificate (Fishing)—Part A        ..          ..          ..           8

Second Class Certificate (Fishing)—Part B         ..          ..          ..          8

Second Class Certificate (Fishing)—Full examination     ..          ..        12

First Class Certificate (Fishing)—Part A   ..       ..          ..          ..        12

First Class Certificate (Fishing)—Part B    ..       ..          ..         ..        12

First Class Certificate (Fishing)—Full examination         ..         ..        20

If a candidate fails to pass any part of the examination no fee will be refunded to him. He will also be required to pay the fees in accordance with the above table irrespective of whether he takes the examination in all the subjects under the respective Part or re-appears only in the subjects in which he has failed.

 

COLONEL P. K.  AGYEKUM

Commissioner Responsible for Shipping

 

Date of Gazette Notification: 29th November, 1974.

 

 

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